Estudios científicos

Association between alcoholic beverage intake and hyperuricemia in Chinese adults: Findings from the China Health and Nutrition Survey


While prior research has shown that consuming alcohol may raise the risk of hyperuricemia, little is known about how individual types of alcohol are linked to levels of uric acid in China. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the independent impact of beer, wine, and liquor on serum uric acid (SUA) levels in the serum of Chinese adults. This study analyzed data from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey and included 7083 participants (3418 men and 3665 women, ≥18 years of age). Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the potential association between alcohol intake and hyperuricemia risk, while linear regression analysis and general linear model were performed to examine the impact of alcohol consumption on SUA levels. This study revealed that men who drank alcohol daily had a greater odds ratio (1.68, 95% confidence interval: 1.01, 2.81) of hyperuricemia than those who drank alcohol no more than once a month. SUA levels of men significantly increased by 0.001 mg/dL for per additional gram of liquor consumed weekly. But men who drank ≤ 90.6 g of liquor per week had lower SUA levels compared with those in nondrinkers. SUA levels were inversely associated with wine intake in women (P = .03, P for trend = .02). Overall, consumption of beer, wine, and liquor differentially affected SUA levels in adult Chinese men and women.

Comentarios divulgativos:

Estudios anteriores sugerían que el consumo aumentaba el riesgo de hiperuricemia, pero no se conocía si todos los tipos de bebidas tenían el mismo efecto en la población china.

Este estudio transversal que incluyó a 7.083 participantes chinos evaluó cómo afectaba a los niveles de ácido úrico de la población china, el consumo de vino y otras bebidas. Los resultados fueron diferentes en hombres y mujeres.

En el caso de las mujeres, beber vino se asociaba inversamente con los niveles de ácido úrico sérico.