Estudios científicos

Resveratrol induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest of human T24 bladder cancer cells in vitro and inhibits tumor growth in vivo


Resveratrol, a naturally occurring polyphenolic antioxidant compound present in grapes and red wine, has been reported to hold various biochemical responses. In this preliminary study, we evaluate the chemopreventive potential of resveratrol against bladder cancer and its mechanism of action. Treatment of bladder cancer cells with resveratrol resulted in a significant decrease in cell viability. Resveratrol induced apoptosis through the modulation of Bcl-2 family proteins and activation of caspase 9 and caspase 3 followed by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase degradation. Treatment with resveratrol led to G(1) phase cell cycle arrest in T24 cells by activation of p21 and downregulation of cyclin D1, cyclin-dependent kinase 4, and phosphorylated Rb. Resveratrol also inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt, whereas the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK was enhanced. In addition, resveratrol treatment decreased the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and fibroblast growth factor-2, which might contribute to the inhibition of tumor growth on the bladder cancer xenograft model. These findings suggest that reveratrol could be an important chemoprevention agent for bladder cancer.

Comentarios divulgativos:

El resveratrol es un antioxidante natural presente en uvas y en vino tinto el cual tiene diferentes respuestas bioquímicas. En este estudio preliminar se evalua el potencial quimiopreventivo contra el cáncer de vejiga y sus mecanismos de acción. El resveratrol induce apoptosis a través de la modulación de Bcl-2 y la activación de la caspasa 9 y 3, además el resveratrol disminuye la expresión del factor de crecimiento endotelial y el factor de crecimiento de los fibroblastos 2, el cual puede contribuir a la inhibición del crecimiento del tumor. Estos hallazgos sugieren que el resveratrol puede ser un posible activo anticancerígeno frente al cáncer de vejiga.